How to diagnose breast cancer?
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. The number of patients with it is increasing. The purpose of screening tests is to diagnose breast cancer before symptoms appear, and it includes tests and examinations that detect cancer in people who have no signs or symptoms.
When breast cancer is diagnosed through the onset of symptoms and the discovery of a lump in the breast tissue, the risk of spreading the disease to other areas is much higher than when screening tests detect the size of breast cancer and its spread in treatment and prognosis. The disease is very effective.
There are three methods for early detection of breast cancer, including examination by a specialist, mammography, and self-examination.
Examination by a specialist doctor
Women in their 20s and 30s should. Once every 3 years and from the age of 40 onwards. Examine annually by a specialist.
Another way to diagnose cancer early is to examine the breasts yourself. Must be from the age of 20. Have your breasts examined by yourself every month. Any changes should be reported to your doctor immediately. This test should be done. Monthly, it is done 5-7 days after menstruation and in case of menopause, it is done on a specific day of each month.
When examining the breast, use the following steps in order:
- Stand in front of the mirror. And hang your arms gently on both sides of the body. Examine the ridges carefully for changes in size, shape, symmetry, nipple indentation, and skin folds. And compare with previous examinations.
- Put your hands behind the mold and press forward. And repeat the examinations of step one.
- Place your hands on either side of your sides on your waist. And press towards the pelvis. Then pull the shoulders up and bend slightly forward, and in this position repeat the examination of step one.
- Gently push the nipple-shaped conical protrusion forward and be careful. Is there an abnormal discharge? Any abnormal discharge should be reported.
- Raise your left set. Place your right fingers on your left chest. Press gently, gently and evenly and move in a circular motion around the nipple. It is recommended to start from the armpit. And be sure to examine the entire breast. Pay more attention to the area between the breasts and underarms. If you feel a firmness, gland or lump, report it to your doctor.
- Perform the fifth step for the right breast.
- Lie on your back, with your left hand under your head. And put a pillow under the left shoulder. This will make the chest flat. Repeat the examination of the fifth step with the right hand.
- Perform the seventh step for the right breast.
- Follow instructions 5 and 6 while taking a shower, because in this case you can gently move your fingers on the skin that has already been soaped, and you can easily feel the possible changes.
- Note. Use the fingertips when touching.
Examinations should be done monthly The best time to do examinations is the seventh to tenth day after the onset of menstrual bleeding. Menopausal women should have examinations on a special day of the month.